The city is located 112 km northwest of Santiago in a wide bay in the Pacific Ocean. It has a population of approximately 275 000 inhabitants. It is an important sea port and industrial centre and is one of the country’s largest cities. The most important economic activities in the city include; food processing, clothing and textile manufacturing, and petrochemical, metallurgical and leather products.
Valparaíso is the legislative headquarters of Chile. It also offers a wide range of beautiful, picturesque places with its squares, hills, districts, fishing bays, beaches, avenues and streets full of nooks and crannies, all providing its visitors with splendid, beautiful, typical scenery.
On 2nd July 2003 the United Nations declared it a World Heritage Site for Education, Science and Culture and on 6th May UNESCO named it the Cultural Capital of Chile.
The privilege of receiving this status is official, universal recognition that the city represents a significant wealth for all mankind, in terms of historical, artistic, scientific, aesthetic, archaeological and anthropological value. It is known as "The Jewel of the Pacific", an open-air amphitheatre which has besotted architects, poets, painters, artists, musicians and so many others who have succumbed to the charms of this colourful, cultural landscape.